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Minggu, 04 Januari 2009

UNDERSTANDING AND TREATMENT OF BREAST CANCER



If you're seriously interested in knowing about , you need to think beyond the basics. This informative article takes a closer look at things you need to know about .

Reports say that after lung cancer, breast cancer is the second most deadly and common type of cancer, which accounts for 1% of all deaths and 7% of all cancer deaths. This type of cancer is considered to the fifth common cause responsible of deaths.

Causes Breast Cancer :
Pinpointing the exact cause of breast cancer remains very difficult, as each person's cancer may be brought on by totally different causes. In general, cancer is caused by a free radicals, also known as deformed cells, which attach to good cells. There is also a link to high estrogen levels. High estrogen levels may be caused by hormone replacement therapy, birth control pills, and high levels of preservatives found in herbicides and pesticides.

We can classify the causes listed above as generally beyond our control. However, there are other things that can put one at risk for breast cancer that are within our control.

Some pregnant women were given the drug DES (diethylstilbestrol) because it was thought to lower their chances of losing the baby. Recent studies have shown that these women (and their daughters who were exposed to DES while in the uterus), have a slightly increased risk of getting breast cancer. Use of alcohol is clearly linked to a slightly increased risk of getting breast cancer.

Women who have 1 drink a day have a very small increased risk. Those who have 2 to 5 drinks daily have about 1½ times the risk of women who drink no alcohol. The American Cancer Society suggests limiting the amount you drink.Being overweight is linked to a higher risk of breast cancer, especially for women after change of life and if the weight gain took place during adulthood. Also, the risk seems to be higher if the extra fat is in the waist area. Breast-feeding and pregnancy: Some studies have shown that breast-feeding slightly lowers breast cancer risk, especially if the breast-feeding lasts 1½ to 2 years. This could be becaue breast-feeding lowers a woman’s total number of menstrual periods, as does pregnancy. Women who began having periods early (before 12 years of age) or who went through the change of life (menopause) after the age of 55 have a slightly increased risk of breast cancer.

Symptoms of breast cancer :
Some breast cancer may not have symptoms at all. Some of the symptoms are lumps, rash, breast pain, cysts, nipple discharge, and inverted nipple.
It seems like new information is discovered about something every day. And the topic of is no exception. Keep reading to get more fresh news about .
Change in the feel or color of the skin of the nipple, or areola or the breast itself, that is, a redness, veins on breast surface are accentuated, scaly; dimpled or puckered and a retracted appearance.
A change in appearance or any sensation of the nipple, that is, if there is any itching, any enlargement or the nipple is retracted.
A nipple discharge which is abnormal in that it is usually green, bloody or clear to yellow fluid or may look like pus.

Treatments of Breast Cancer :
There are quite a few options for breast cancer treatment which include surgery, chemotherapy, medical therapies and radiation therapy. Surgery is one option for breast cancer treatment. When surgery is indicated, there are several different types your surgeon may perform. In a mastectomy, the entire breast is removed. In a lumpectomy, just an area of the breast containing the cancer is removed. The choice depends on many factors. Your health care professional is the best person who helps you to understand these factors.

Lymph Node Dissection: This is the surgical removal of lymph nodes. Usually done in case of invasive breast cancer, it is a procedure performed at the time of mastectomy or lumpectomy. During mastectomy, it is an extension of the breast incision (to the armpit area). If done during lumpectomy, a separate incision is performed in the armpit. A part or all of the lymph nodes are removed. Usually it also involves cutting the nerve carrying sensation to the area.

There's a lot to understand about . We were able to provide you with some of the facts above, but there is still plenty more to write about in subsequent articles.

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